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usmfrdk;ucifxm;i,f.yg;pyfxJokdhol.v#mudkxdk;oGif;vdkufonf?rSifwufae&mrSowdyef0ifvmaomcif
xm;i,fonfausmfrdk;.v#mukdukdkufvdkufonf?ausmfrdk;uv#mudktvsift_refyefxkwfvdkufaomfvnf;
tenf;i,fudkufrdoGm;onf?@kwfw&ufemusifoGm;aomajumifhayGhxm;aomolr.ukd,fukdv$wfvsufa
emufokdhckefqkwfvdkufrdonf?xdkhaemufcifxm;i,fuausmfrdk;ukdjunfh&if;avoHrmrmESifha_ymvdkufonf?
Þz,f ukdukd / igoGm;awmhr,fß
ausmfrdk;ucifxm;i,fukdvufyefwpfcsufzwf@kdufvdkuf&molr.rsufpdxJwGifrD;yGifhvsufaemuf
okdh,dkifoGm;avonf?ausmfrdk;uwpfzefolr.t@+dufukdvufoD;wpfcsufxdk;vdkufyefonf?cifxm;i,fcr
sm'l;axmufIvJusoGm;umE+wfcrf;wGifaoG;rsm;pdkhvmavonf?touf@SLrrSefawmhbJowdvpfvkrw
wfzpfoGm;&&Smonf?xdkhaemufausmfrdk;uolr.qHyifrsm;ukdvufzifhqGJrvdkuf&mcifxm;i,facgif;av;a
rmhvmavonf?
Þeifursm;ighukdudkufvm;bmvm;eJh / odjua&mayghß
a_yma_ymqdkqdkb,fvufzifholr.qHyifrsm;ukdudkifqGJxm;&if;nmvufzifhb,fyefnm_yefyg;@kd
ufcsvdkufonf?usefoHk;a,mufuTonfukdt&omcHjunfh&if;aomif;pdefut}uHay;vdkufonf?
Þ'DaumifrukdvD;pkyfcdkif;ygvm;uGß
Þat; aumif;w,f / rif;vD;ukdolpkyfay;aewmukdigwkdhjunfh&if;*Gif;wkdufjuwmayghß
atmifxGef;uvnf;axmufcHonf?cifxm;i,fcrsmawmhxdkpum;rsm;ukdem;axmif&if;ajumuf
vefhae&Smonf?xdkhaemufausmfrdk;uw[m;[m;atmf&,f&if;a_ymvdkufonf?
Þat;uG / rif;wdkha_ymwmaumif;om;yJß
ausmfrdk;uol.*sif;abmif;bDZpfukdnmvufzifhtomqGJzGifhvdkufonf?xdkhaemufcifxm;i,f.
vufukdvSrf;ukdifumol.aygifjum;xJokdhqGJ,lvsufzkxpfaeaomae&may:okdhwifay;vdkufonf?b,f
vufuawmholr.qHyifrsm;ukdr!Smrwmqkyfudkifxm;&if;&uf&ufpufpufapcdkif;vdkufavonf?
Þigh[m}uD;ukdxkwfvdkufprf; / abmif;bDt_yifa&mufatmifvkyf^yD;yGwfay;prf; / vkyfavß
Þ[ifhtif; / [ifhtif; / rvkyfygeJhudkukd&,f / ighudktJ'DvkdrsKd;rvkyfcdkif;ygeJh / raumif;yg
bl; / t[ifh t[ifhß
cifxm;i,fuidk,dkumawmif;yef&Smonf?ausmfrdk;uawmholr.qHyifrsm;ukdcyfjurf;jurf;qGJcg
vdkuf&if;xyfa_ym_yefonf?
ÞighvD;ukdqGJxkwfvdkufvkdha_ymaewmrjum;bl;vm; / ighvD;ueifhvufuav;eJhqkyfudkif
wmudkcHcsifaewm / vkyfav / qGJxkwfvdkufprf;ß
ausmfrdk;uawmhajumufvefhwkefv+yfae&Smaomcifxm;i,fudktwif;tjuyfyifapcdkif;ae_yefo
nf?cifxm;i,fonfajumufajumufvefhvefhESifhyifuGJ[aeaomabmif;bDcGjum;xJokdholr.vufukdxdk
;xnfhvdkufonf?olr.vufacsmif;xdyfrsm;onfylaEG;rmawmifaeaomtacsmif;}uD;ukdxdk;rd^yD;xdkt&m
onfvD;_zpfajumif;ukdolrodaeaomajumifhcifxm;i,fwpfudk,fvHk;juufoD;rsm;xvmavonf?&Suf
pdwfrsm;_zpfay:aeouJhokdh&rRufpdwfuvnf;xjuGvmonfudkawmholrem;rvnfao;ay?&ifwxdwfxd
wfckefumjuufoD;rsm;w_zef;_zef;xaeonfukdawmhcHpm;ae&avonf?
Þvkyfav i,fi,f / ighvD;}uD;ukdvufeJhudkif^yD;qGJxkwfvdkufprf; / [kdaumifawGu'gudk
_rifcsifaewmß
ausmfrdk;.apckdif;oHajumifhcifxm;i,fonfajumufvefhpGma&&Gwfnnf;wGm;&if;ausmfrdk;.vD;w
ef}uD;ukdEl;nHhaomvufuav;rsm;_zifhr&Jw&Jukdifumabmif;bDt_yifodkhqGJxkwfvdkufonf?
Þat; 'DvdkrSayghi,fi,f& / uJvD;}uD;udkcyfwif;wif;qkyfudkif^yD;aqmhay;prf;ß
ausmfrdk;uauseyftm;&pGma_ymvdkufonf?cifxm;i,fonfa,musfm;wpfa,muf.vD;ukdvuf
_zifhyxrOD;qHk;t}udrfqkyfudkifzl;_cif;_zpfovdkrmefxuaxmifrwfaeaomvD;}uD;ukdvnf;yxrOD;qHk;t}
udrfawGhrifzl;_cif;vnf;_zpfavonf?vD;wef}uD;uylaEG;rmawmifaeumqkyfudkifxm;aomolr.vuf
xJwGifqwfueJ/qwfueJv+yfcgae_yefonf?ausmfrdk;.&rRufaZmukdazmfyaeonfhtvm;tajum^ydKif;^yd
Kif;xvsufrwfaxmifaeaomvD;}uD;ukdcifxm;i,fwpfa,mufajumufvefhpGm_zifhai;junfhaerdavo
nf?ajumufvnf;ajumuf/&GHvnf;&GHaerdaomfvnf;ausmfrdk;utwif;apckdif;aeaomajumifhcifxm;i,f
onfr&Jw&JESifhcyfzGzGav;ukdifxm;aomvufacsmif;rsm;udkcyfwif;wif;qkyfudkifvdkufavonf?
Þat; tJ'Dvdkcyfwif;wif;qkyfrSayghi,fi,f/ uJvufudkv+yf^yD;aqmhay;prf;ygOD;ß
ausmfrdk;uauseyftm;&pGma_ymqdkvdkufonf?cifxm;i,fuvufxJwGifqkyfudkifxm;aomvD;}uD
;ukdtomt,mv+yfay;vdkufonf?atmifxGef;/aomif;pdefESifhbodef;wdkhurlrsufvHk;rsm;_yL;umaoaocsm
csmpdkufjunfhaejuavonf?
Þat; [kwf^yD / tJ'Dvdkaqmhay;&if;vD;xdyfykdif;udkeifhvufreJhtomyGwfay;prf;ß
ausmfrdk;ucifxm;i,fudk*Gif;wkdufenf;udkvufawGhoifyay;aeavonf?cifxm;i,fcrsmausmfrdk
;apcdkif;onfhtwdkif;vdkufvkyfay;ae&Smonf?vD;xdyfydkif;ukdvufrESifhtomyGwfay;vkdufonf?vD;xdyfwGif
t&nfjunfrsm;pdkaeav&mxdkt&nfjunfrsm;ukdvD;'pf}uD;wpfckvHk;okdhvufr_zifhvkdufIokwfvdrf;ay;
ovdkzpfoGm;onf?ausmfrdk;onfvnf;t&omawGhoGm;umw[if;[if;_zpfvmavonf?ol.E+wfcrf;rs
m;udkvnf;v#m_zifhoyfvdkufonf?
Þrif;vD;ukdpkyfcdkif;^yD;v#meJhususeevsufcdkif;prf;ygausmfrdk;&ß
atmifxGef;urcsifhr&Ja_ymumabmif;bDZpfukdzKwfIol.vD;}uD;ukdqGJxkwfvdkufonf?
ÞuJ atmifxGef;a_ymwmudkjum;w,fr[kwfvm;i,fi,f / eifhyg;pyfeJhv#mudkoHk;^yD;ighvD;
ukdpkyfay;prf; / jum;vm;ß
ausmfrkd;ua_ymqdkapcdkif;&if;cifxm;i,f.acgif;ukdol.aygifjum;odkhqGJuyfvdkufonf?
ausmfrdk;.aygifjum;wGifcifxm;i,frsufESmtyfrdaomtcgwGifvD;wef}uD;uolr.yg;_yifESihfxdaeavo
nf?ausmfrdk;uvnf;olr.qHyifukdcyfwif;wif;qJGumpdwfr&Snfawmhajumif;tcsufyvdkufonf?cifxm
;i,fonfwkefhqdkif;rae&JawmhbJyg;pyfxJrSv#mav;ukdtomxkwfumvD;wefvHk;ywf.atmufa_cukdp
wifvsufay;vdkufonf?eD&JpdkpGwfaeaomv#mav;ESifhylaEG;rmawmifaeaomvD;wef}uD;xdrdvdkufcsdefwGif
ausmfrdk;wpfudk,fvHk;qwfueJzpfoGm;ovdkcifxm;i,fvnf;&ifckefrefvmumEkdhoD;acgif;av;rsm;ydkrdkwif
;rmvmavonf?ausmfrdk;uolr.qHyifrsm;ukdqkyfudkifumacgif;ukdtay:odkhqGJwifvdkufonf?vD;wefukd
v#m_zifhvsufay;ae&if;acgif;armhvdkufaomajumifhvD;t&if;rStzsm;okdhv#m_zifhvsufay;vkdufovdkzpf
oGm;avonf?olr.v#mav;ESifhvD;'pfwdkhxdrdcsdefwGifausmfrdk;uacgif;ukdqGJarmhaeonfudk&yfvdkufonf?
cifxm;i,fuvnf;olr.yg;pyfa&ShwnfhwnfhwGif&SdaeaomvD;'pf}uD;ukdv#mzsm;av;_zifhvSnfhywfvsuf
ay;vdkufonf?cifxm;i,fuvD;xdyfzsm;ukdv#m_zihfvSnfhywfvsufay;aeaomt&omajumifhausmfrdk;tH}
udwfvsufnnf;nLvdkufrdonf?
ÞvD;'pfukdyg;pyfeJhpkyfprf; / ^yD;awmhoGm;eJhrematmifcyfqwfqwfav;udkufvdkufß
ausmfrdk;uawmhtjuifemvHk;0r&Sd/ouf!Smr+vHk;0r&SdbJolt&omcHEkdifa&;ukdomOD;pm;ay;umcif
xm;i,fudk&uf&ufpufpufapcdkif;aeavonf?cifxm;i,fcrsmrsuf&nfwawGawGusqif;umidk@+dufae&
&Smavonf?olr.arG;pm;tpfukdudk,fwdkifu&uf&ufpufpufapcdkif;aer+ajumifh0rf;enf;aerdavonf?
odkhaomfaygufwJhezl;rxl;awmh[lonfhoabmrsKd;_zifhvD;'pfukdv#mESifhvsufae&mrSyg;pyfukdtom[umE+
wfcrf;yg;av;rsm;_zifhvD;ukdpkyfay;vdkufonf?vD;xdyfudkvnf;oGm;_zifhremrusif/rxdwxdav;udkufay;
vkdufonf?twefjumaomfausmfrdk;uw[if;[if;nnf;wGm;ae&mrScifxm;i,f.yg;pyfxJrSol.vD;ukd
qwfueJqGJxkwfvdkufonf?vD;pkyfay;ae&r+^yD;oGm;av^yD[kcifxm;i,f0rf;omaecdkufausmfrdk;uydkrdkIy
ufpufnpfnrf;aomtvkyfudkxyfIvkyfcdkif;vdkufyefonf?
ÞuJ tckigha*G;OawGudkpkyfay;ayawmhi,fi,f / igha*G;OESpfvHk;ukdeifhyg;pyfeJhiHk^yD;aumif;
aumif;pkyfay;prf;ß
ausmfrdk;onfxdkokdha_ymqdk^yD;aemufcifxm;i,f.acgif;ukdatmufokdhzdcsumolr.yg;pyftm;ol.
a*G;Ownfhwnfhokdha&mufoGm;aponf?cifxm;i,fua*G;OwpfvHk;ukdyg;pyfzifhiHkvdkufcsdefwGifausmfrdk;wpf
ukd,fvHk;wGefhueJzpfoGm;onfudkcifxm;i,fodvdkufonf?cifxm;i,fuyg;pyfzifhpkyfay;@Hkomruv#mES
ifhvnf;tomxdk;vsufay;vdkufonf?t0wfuif;rJhaeaomolr.wpfudk,fvHk;onf&SufaoG;rsm;v$rf;um
yef;a&mifoef;aeavawmhonf?xdkuJhodkhausmfrdk;pdwfwdkif;usvkyfaqmifay;ae&mrSrsufvHk;ukdtomaxm
ifhuyfjunfhvdkufrd&matmifxGef;wdkhoHk;a,mufonfolr.vkyfaqmifaer+rsm;udkjunfh&if;tm;&yg;&*Gif;
wdkufaejuonfudkawGhvdkuf&avonf?xdkhajumifhcifxm;i,fonfrsufvHk;ukdrSdwfumyg;pyfxJwGifiHkxm;
aoma*G;Oudktompkyfay;vdkufonf?xdktcgausmfrdk;a*G;Oonfcifxm;i,f.yg;pyfxJwGifwvdrfhvdrfhzpfa
eavonf?
ÞaemufwpfvHk;ukdvnf;pkyfay;OD;avß
xdktcgcifxm;i,fuyg;pyfwGif;rSa*G;OwpfvHk;ukdxkwfypfvdkuf^yD;usefwpfvHk;ukdyg;pyfzifhiHkumpkyf
ay;vdkuf&_yefonf?xdkuJhokdhpdwfrygbJvD;pkyfay;ae&aomajumifholr.pdwfonftvGefv+yf&Sm;aeavo
nf?tEkdiftxufapcdkif;cH&aomtodonfolr.&rRuftm@Hkukdwenf;wzHkEkd;juGvmaponf?cifxm;i,f
onfa*G;Orsm;ukdpkyf&if;v#mESifhvnf;vsufay;aeavonf?ukd,fukda&Shokdhudkif;umav;bufaxmufvsuf
pkyfay;aeaomajumifholr.wifyg;qHkrsm;uaemufzufokdhum;xGufaeavonf?aemufzufwGif&Sdaeao
matmifxGef;onfolr.um;um;tdtdzifqHkrsm;ukdomruzifjum;rSyL;xGufaeaomapmufzkwfrdkhrdkhazm
if;azmif;ESifhptdkaygufav;ukdygtwdkif;om;awGhrifae&avonf?xdkapmufywfESihfptdkukdvdk;vdkuf&v#ift
&om&SdvSrnf[kvnf;awG;aerdavonf?cifxm;i,fonfrdrd.aoG;om;rsm;Ekd;jum;vsufapmufzkwfwG
ift&nfjunfrsm;pdk&$Jaeonfudkrod&Smay?xdkokdhausmfrdk;.vD;ukdpkyfay;ae_cif;rSmolrudktwif;@kdufESuf
uefausmufvsufrk'drf;usifhrnfudkpkd;&drfaomajumifhzpfavonf?rk'drf;tusifhcH&onfxufvD;pkyfay;&
onfuawmfao;onf[k,lqum_yKvkyfay;ae_cif;_zpfonf?
Þa[haumif ausmfrdk; / rif;nDrukdva&xGufwJhtxdpkyfckdif;^yD;va&awGudkolhyg;pyfxJyef;
xnfhay;^yD;^rdKcscdkif;vdkufprf;yguGß
atmifxGef;uxdkodkha_ymvdkufaomtcgcifxm;i,f.pdwfxJwGifatmifxGef;ukdyspfyspfESpfESpfqJvdk
ufrdonf?yg;pyfuawmhxkwfrqJ&Jay?xdkhyifatmifxGef;a_ymovkdrdrdvkyfay;&awmhrnfukdvnf;cifxm;
i,fodvdkufonf?aomif;pdefuvnf;axmufcHvdkufonf?
Þat; [kwfw,fuG / rif;vD;ukdvnf;pkyfcdkif;prf;ygOD; / a*G;Oudkcsnf;yJvsufcdkif;raeeJhß
ausmfrdk;ucifxm;i,f.qHyifukdtomqGJumolr.yg;pyfxJrSol.a*G;OukdqGJxkwfvdkufonf?xdk
tcgcifxm;i,fursufvHk;ukdzGifhjunfhvdkuf&molr.rsufESma&ShwGifwv+yfv+yfzpfaeaomvD;wef}uD;ukd
awGhvdkuf&onf?
Þudkif; i,fi,fa& / olwdkha_ymwJhtwkdif;ighvD;xJuva&awGxGufvmwJhtxdpkyfay;
ayawmh / jum;vm;ß
rdrdyg;pyfxJokdhokwf&nfrsm;yef;xkwfonftxdvkyfrnfudkodvdkufaomtcgcifxm;i,fajumuf
vefhoGm;avonf?ausmfrdk;ukdvnf;&Sdcdk;rwwfawmif;yefvdkuf&Smonf?
Þukdukd&,f / tJ'Davmuftxdawmhrvkyfyg&apeJh / ighudkoem;ygOD;[,fß
Þpum;rrsm;eJhi,fi,f / ighudkva&xGufwJhtxdpkyfay;&ifay; / rpkyfay;&ifeifhudkig
twif;wufvdk;ypfvdkufr,fß
Þt[ifh[ifh / tJvdkawmhrvkyfygeJh / pkyfay;yghr,f/ t[ifht[ifhß
xdktcgausmfrdk;uolr.ykcHk;ESpfzufudkqkyfudkif&if;olr.ukd,fukda&ShodkhqGJ,lvdkufonf?cifxm;i
,fuvnf;acgif;udka&Shodkhukdif;umvD;ukdyg;pyfzifhiHkvdkufonf?vD;'pfukdiHkrdaomtcgv#m_zifhxdk;vsufay;
vkdufonf?
Þa[haumifausmfrdk;/ rif;nDryg;pyfxJudkrif;vD;}uD;w_znf;_znf;csif;wdk;0ifoGm;atmif
oGif;aemf / wpfcgwnf;0ifoGm;wmrsKd;ujunfh&wmtm;r&bl;uGß
Þ[m; [m; [m; / pdwfwdkif;us_zpfap&r,fß
ausmfrkd;u_yefa_ymvdkuf&if;vD;xdyfydkif;ukdiHkrdaeaomvD;wef}uD;ukdcifxm;i,f.yg;pyfxJodkhznf
;_znf;csif;xdk;oGif;vdkufonf?cifxm;i,fuvnf;yg;pyfuav;[umacgif;udktvdkufoifharmhay;vdkuf
onf?apmufywfxJokdhvD;oGif;ouJhodkhvD;ukdyg;pyfxJodkhxkd;oGif;_cif;_zpfonf?xdkhajumifhcifxm;i,fua
usmfrdk;.vD;ukdpkyfay;ae_cif;r[kwfawmhbJausmfrdk;ucifxm;i,f.yg;pyfukdvdk;aeouJhodkhzpfaeavo
nf?ausmfrdk;.vD;onf(8)vufrausmf&Snfum
usyfvHk;cefhwkwfonf?xdkhajumifhvD;ukdtqHk;xdxdk;oGif;vdkufaomtcgvD;xdyfonfcifxm;i,f.tmacgif
ukdaxmufrdavonf?xdkvkyf&yfudkatmifxGef;wkdhoHk;OD;utm;yg;w&junfhaejuonf?cifxm;i,fonf
tvGef&Sufajumufaerdaomfvnf;yg;pyfxJokdh0ifvmonfhvD;}uD;ukdpkyfay;ae&&Smonf?xdkodkhvD;ukdwzGzG
pkyfay;aer+ajumifhausmfrdk;onfpdwfukdrxdef;EkdifawmhbJcg;ukdwv+yfv+yfyKumvD;wefukdyg;pyfxJrSqGJxk
wfvdkuf/_yefxdk;oGif;vdkufcyfoGufoGufvkyfavawmhonf?cifxm;i,fonfvnf;yg;pyfxJwGif0ifxGufae
aomvD;wef}uD;ukdw_yGwfyGwfrnfatmifpkyfay;ae&mausmfrdk;wpfa,muft&omxl;ukdcHpm;ae&av
onf?
Þtm;yg;yg; / w,faumif;ygvm;i,fi,f& / pkyfprf;yg / igt&omaumif;aumif;awGh
atmifpkyfay;prf; / [if;[if;[if;ß
ausmfrdk;onfyg;pyfuvnf;t&omcHuma_ymvdkufao;onf?vufrsm;uvnf;cifxm;i,f.ykcHk
;ukdykdIwif;wif;juyfjuyfqkyfudkifumyg;pyfxJokdhvD;toGif;txkwfvnf;_refvmavonf?cifxm;i,fu
vnf;cyfjurf;jurf;yifvsufay;pkyfay;aeavonf?tpykdif;wGifolronftouf&SLjuyfovdkzpfaeaomf
vnf;aemufydkif;wGifvD;t0iftxGufESifh[efcsufnDatmiftouf&SLwwfvmavonf?
Þat; vsufprf; / pkyfprf;/ tm;yg;yg; / aumif;w,faumif;w,f / ighv&nfawGxGuf
vmawmhr,f / pkyfay;prf; /pkyfay;prf; /tm; tD;ß
ausmfrkd;onfvD;toGif;txkwftvGefrefvmouJhodkhtvGefvnf;jurf;vmonf?vD;uyg;pyfxJ
odkhtqHk;xdatmifwdk;0ifvmaomtcgcifxm;i,f.acgif;onfaemufodkharmhoGm;umvD;ukdyefqGJxkwfvdk
ufaomtcgolr.acgif;onfta&Shodkhidkufqif;vmavonf?yg;pyfxJokdhvD;t0iftxGufonfrefonfx
ufrefvmovdkjurf;onfxufydkjurf;vmavonf?vnfacsmif;xJokdha&mufatmifxkd;oGif;vmonf?yg;
pyfudk[ay;xm;v#ifvD;uvnfacsmif;xJodkhydkIwdk;0ifonfudkodaomajumifhcifxm;i,fonfvD;wefvHk;
ywfukdkE+wfcrf;_zifhcyfwif;wif;zduyfxm;vdkufonf?xdktcgvD;t0iftxGufutenf;i,foufomav
onf?ausmfrdk;tzdkhuawmhvD;wefwpfav#mufE+wfcrf;om;rsm;_zifhyGwfwkdufxdawGhaeaomajumifht&o
mykdawGhaeavonf?ausmfrdk;utHudk}udwf&if;a_ymvdkufyefonf?
Þpkyfprf;i,fi,f / cyfjurf;jurf;pkyfay;prf; / eifhyg;pyfxJrSmighv&nfawGyef;xkwfay;r,f/
eifhyg;pyfudkigtm;ukefvdk;^yD;v&nfawGyef;xnfhvdkufawmhr,fß
Þat; rif;nDryg;pyfxJrSmv&nfawGynfhoGm;atmifyef;xkwfay;vdkufprf;uGm / awmufß
cifoGufoGuf*Gif;wkdufaeaomatmifxGef;wdkhutm;ay;onf?
Þat; [kwfw,f / igvnf;v&nfxGufawmhr,fß
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